Learning College Manual
Emergency and Safety Plans
V. Self-Inspection of Wokrplace
The most widely accepted way to identify hazards is to conduct safety and health inspections. The only way to be certain of the actual situation is to look at it from time to time. For this reason, a self-inspection should be conducted annually, at a minimum, to ensure that hazards are identified and appropriately eliminated for the workplace.
Self-inspection is a must if you are to know where probable hazards exist and whether they are under control. Each supervisor should follow a program of self-inspection of his/her area of responsibility.
A copy of the Self Inspection Checklist Manual can be obtained from the Director of Plant Operations and Maintenance. In this manual you will find checklists designed to assist you in fact-finding. They will give you some indication of where you should begin action to make your area of responsibility safer and more healthful for all of your employees.
These checklists are by no means all-inclusive. You may wish to add to them or delete portions that do not apply. Consider carefully each item as you make your decision.
Don’t spend time with items that obviously have no application to your area of responsibility. Make sure you or your designee see each item, and leave nothing to memory or chance. Write down what you see, or don’t see, and what you think you should do about it.
When you have completed the checklists, note any areas of concern and report all findings to the Director of Plant Operations and Maintenance. A plan to resolve unsafe work conditions can then be formulated for timely execution.
The scope of your self-inspections should include the following:
- Processing, Receiving, Shipping, and Storage—equipment, job planning, layout, heights, floor loads, projection of materials, materials handling, and storage methods.
- Building and Grounds Conditions—floor walls, ceilings, exits, stairs, walkways, ramp platforms, driveways, aisles.
- Housekeeping Program—waste disposal, tools, objects, materials, leakage and spillage, cleaning methods, schedules, work areas, remote areas, storage areas.
- Electricity—equipment, switches, breakers, fuses, switch boxes, junctions, special fixtures, circuits, insulation, extensions, tools, motors, grounding, NEC compliance.
- Lighting—type, intensity, controls, conditions, diffusion, location, glare and shadow control.
- Heating and Ventilation—type, effectiveness, temperature, humidity, controls, nature and artificial ventilation, and exhausting.
- Machinery—points of operation, flywheels, gears, shafts, pulleys, key ways, belts, couplings, sprockets, chains, frames, controls, lighting for tools and equipment, brakes, exhausting, feeding, oiling, adjusting, maintenance, lock out, grounding, work space, location, purchasing standards.
- Personnel—training, experience, methods of checking machines before use, type of clothing, personal protective equipment, use of guards, tool storage, work practices, method of cleaning, oiling, or adjusting machinery.
- Hand and Power Tools—purchasing standards, inspection, storage, repair, types, maintenance, grounding use, and handling.
- Chemicals—storage, handling, transportation, spills, disposal, amounts used, toxicity or other harmful effects, warning signs, supervision, training, protective clothing and equipment.
- Fire Protection—extinguishers, alarms, sprinklers, smoking rules, exits, personnel assigned, separation of flammable materials and dangerous operations, explosive-proof fixtures in hazardous locations, waste disposal.
- Maintenance—regularity, effectiveness, training of personnel, materials and equipment used, records maintained, method of locking out machinery, general methods.
- Personal Protective Equipment—type, size, maintenance, repair, storage, assignment of responsibility, purchasing methods, standards observed, training in care and rules of use, method of assignment.